来源 :中华考试网 2020-06-17中
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. “Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen?” “When I got that great job, did Jim, as a friend, really feel good about it ? Or did he envy my luck?” “And was Paul friendly just because I had a car?” When we look back, doubts like these can make us feel bad. But when we look back, it is too late.
Why do we go wrong about our friends, or our enemies? Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning. And if we don’t really listen, we miss the feeling behind the words. Suppose someone tells you, “You’re a lucky dog!” Is he really on your side? If he says, “You’re a lucky guy!”, that is being friendly. But “a lucky dog”? There is a bit of envy in those words. What he may be saying is that he doesn’t think you deserve your luck.
“Just think of all the things you have to be thankful for” is another phrase that says one thing and means another. It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem. But this phrase contains the thought that your problem is not at all important.
How can you tell the real meaning behind someone’s words? One way is to take a good look at the person talking. Do his words fit the way he looks? Is what he says shown by the tone of voice? The look in his eyes? Stop and think. The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you may save your another mistake.
1. When the writer recalls some of the things that happened between him and his friends, he B .
A. feels happy, thinking how nice his friends were to him
B. feels he might not have understood his friend’s true feelings
C. thinks it a mistake to have broken up with his girl friend
D. is sorry that his friends let him down
2. When the writer about someone saying, “You’re a lucky dog!” he is saying that D .
A. the speaker is just friendly
B. this sentence suggests the same as “You’re a lucky guy!”
C. the word “dog” should not be used to apply to people
D. sometimes the words show that the speaker is a bit envious
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A
A. Mistakes we make are either about money or about people.
B. Sometimes people indicate something in his words.
C. Sometimes we have some ways to tell the real meaning behind someone’s words.
D. After reading this passage, we know that we should be careful about people’s words.
4. This passage tries to tell you how to C .
A. Avoid mistakes about money and friends
B. Get an idea of friendly people
C. avoid mistakes in understanding what people tell you
D. keep people friendly without without trusting them
5. The writer suggests that D be trusted.
C. all the people
D. not all the people
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
It has been shown that children who smoke have certain characteristics. Compared with non-smokers they are more rebellious (反抗的), they are more likely to leave school early, and are more often breaking the law. Many of these features can be summarized as anticipation (预期) of adulthood.
There are a number of factors which determine the onset of smoking, and these are largely psychological and social. They include availability of cigarettes, curiosity, rebelliousness, appearing tough, anticipation of adulthood, social confidence, the example of parents and teachers, and smoking by friends and older brothers and sisters.
It should be much easier to prevent children from starting to smoke than to persuade adults to give up the habit once established, but in fact this has proved very difficult. The example set by people in authority, especially parents, health care workers, and teachers, is of prime importance. School rules should forbid smoking by children in the buildings. This rule has been introduced at Summer Hill School where I spent my schooldays.
There is, however, a risk of children smoking just to rebel against the rules, and even in those schools which have tried to enforce no smoking by physical punishment there is as much smoking as in other schools. Nevertheless, banning smoking is probably on balance beneficial. Teachers too should not smoke in school buildings, at least not in front of children.
6. In this passage the author puts an emphasis on B .
A. the effect of smoking among children
B. the difficulty in preventing children from smoking
C. the reasons why children start smoking
D. the measures to ban smoking among children
7. Which of the following is a common characteristic of young smokers? A
A. Disobedience B. Laziness C. Lack of intelligence D. Vanity
8. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? D
A. Some children start to smoke out of curiosity.
B. Many children start to smoke because they want to appear mature.
C. In order to have fewer children smokers, parents, teachers and health care workers should not smoke.
D. It is not as difficult to prevent children from starting to smoke as to dissuade adults from smoking.
9. The writer concludes that school rules to forbid smoking C .
A. should be introduced, for it really works at the school where he once studied
B. should no be introduced, for it may cause disturbance
C. should be introduced though it may not work effectively
D. needn’t be introduced as long as teachers don’t smoke in front of children
10. The author’s attitude towards his writing is A .
A. objective B. emotional C. critical D. indifferent
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
A library is a place to find out about anything. In it there are mostly books, but there are also pictures, papers, magazines, maps and records. Special science and art shows, story hours, plays, and contests may also be held there.
Long, long ago a library had only books, and these were hard to get. Books could be written only by hand. There were so few that no one was allowed to take them out of the library. After the printing machine was invented, books could be made faster. This helped libraries get more books.
To borrow a book to take home today, a person just needs a library card. In many libraries a helper checks the book out. He or she stamps the card. The mark shows the date by which the book must be returned. If the book is returned late, the person must usually pay money, called a fine. In some libraries a computer has taken the place of stamping.
Books in a library are put into a certain order to help people find what they want. All books about animals may be placed together. Or all stories written by the same person may be placed together. A big set of cards lists all the library’s books in alphabetical (字母的) order. It is called the card catalog (目录). It tells where each of them can be found.
People who live far in the country may find it hard to get to a library. For these people there are bookmobiles, which are large trucks filled with books, Each truck travels to many places. All the people have to do is to meet the truck and choose the books they would like to read.
11. According to the first paragraph, which of the following is true? A
A. You can see movies and hold contests in a library.
B. You can find out everything that you want.
C. In a library you only find all kinds of books.
D. In a library, you will find not only a lot of books but also many movies stars and records.
12. There were only few books in an ancient library because C .
A. people often took them out of the library
B. there was no financial support to buy more books
C. books were only written by hand
D. the printing machine was not advanced
13. The word “stamps” in the third paragraph means C .
B. walks with loud heavy steps
C. marks or prints with design
D. sticks postage
14. In a library, books are placed in different orders, such as the order designed according to D .
A. Spelling of the titles
B. Spelling of writer’s name
C. Field of writing
D. all of the above
15. The word “bookmobiles” in the last paragraph refers to B .
A. books sold in the countryside
B. moving libraries travelling in the countryside
C. libraries set up in the countryside
D. trucks sold in the countryside
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
“Where is the university” is a question many visitors to Cambridge ask, but no one could point them in any one direction because there is no campus. The university consists of thirty-one self-governing colleges. It has lecture halls, libraries, laboratories, museums and offices throughout the city.
Individual colleges choose their own students who have to meet the minimum entrance requirements set by the university. Undergraduates usually live and study in their colleges where they are taught in very small groups. Lectures, and laboratory and practical work are organized by the university and held in university buildings. There are over 10,000 undergraduates and 35,000 post-graduates, about 40% of them are women and some 8% from overseas. As well as teaching, research is of major importance. Since the beginning of the 20th century. more than 60 university members have won the Nobel Prize.
The university has a huge number of buildings for teaching and research. It has more than sixty specialist subject libraries as well as the University Library, which as a copyright library, is entitled to a copy of every book published in Britain. Examinations are set and degrees are awarded by the university. It allowed women to take the university exams in 1881, but it was not until 1948 that they were awarded degrees.
16. Why is it difficult for visitors to locate Cambridge University? D
A. Because there are no signs to direct them.
B. Because no tour guides are available.
C. Because all the building in the city look alike.
D. Because the university is everywhere in the city.
17. What does the passage tell us about the colleges of Cambridge University? D
A. They set their own exams
B. They organize their own laboratory work.
C. They award their own degrees.
D. They select their own students.
18. What can be learned from the passage about the libraries in Cambridge University? B
A. Most of them have a long history.
B. Many of them are specialized libraries.
C. They house more books than any other university library.
D. They each have a copy of every book published in Britain.
19. Why were there no women allowed to take the university exams until 1881? C
A. Women were the weak sex at that time.
B. Men began to understand women in the 1880s.
C. The passage doesn’t tell us.
D. Women preferred to stay at home looking after their children.
20. What does the passage say about women students in Cambridge University? A
A. They were not awarded degrees until 1948.
B. Very few of them are engaged in research.
C. They have outnumbered male students.
D. They were not treated equally until 1881.
Part Two: Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
21. It is advisable to A two tickets now since so many people are crazy about this band.
A. reserve B. conserve C. preserve D. deserve
22. Children should be taught how to C towards adults.
A. respond B. do C. behave D. react
23. The founding of the People’s Republic of China is a great A in the history of mankind.
A. event B. incident C. accident D. occurrence
24. The D weight of the box of chocolates is more than the weight of the chocolates alone.
A. whole B. entire C. total D. gross
25. All men are rational beings, John Jones is a man, A John Jones is a rational being.
A. therefore B. hence C. then D. consequently
26. Dinner will be ready C but we have time for a drink before then.
A. currently B. lately C. presently D. suddenly
27. When I applied for my passport to be renewed, I had to send a B photograph.
A. fresh B. recent C. late D. modern
28. Since the beginning of the war, reports of new victories have poured D .
A. often B. regularly C. orderly D. frequently
29. Can you show me any D for your statement?
A. sign B. clue C. data D. evidence
30. The two towns are C by a railway now.
A. connected B. joined C. linked D. untied
31. The man they arrested last night has been B with murder.
A. accused B. charged C. sued D. indicted
32. Frinley is a tiny village. It is very C .
A. big B. great C. small D. famous
33. Many parents think that a regular B is an excellent way to teach children the value of money.
A. aid B. allowance C. grant D. permission
34. It is C to have adult conversation like that with such a young child.
A. exciting B. stressful C. unusual D. typical
35. She is always D to be one of the best artists.
A. successful B. ignored C. explored D. acknowledged
36. She is very A in appearance to her mother.
A. similar B. same C. imitated D. like
37. I had to take a(n) C test before I began training as a nurse.
A. attitude B. gratitude C. aptitude D. appetite
38. The bridge was named A the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.
A. after B. from C. by D. with
39. It is hard to D how many trees have been destroyed by the tornado.
A. evaluate B. value C. judge D. estimate
40. We C out that you would like to have a rest after such a long journey before going on for working.
A. find B. number C. figure D. outline
41. The cartoon characters Snoopy and Charlie Brown were C by Charles M.Schultz.
A. devised B. invented C. created D. arranged
42. Jacks is a promising man. His colleagues pay a high D to his ability.
A. praise B. pride C. contribute D. tribute
43. They haven’t fixed a C date for their wedding yet but it will be this summer.
A. special B. particular C. specific D. peculiar
44. Let’s go out during the break to D legs.
A. extend B. expand C. move D. stretch
45. Although we have made frequent attempts to B his parents, we have so far not been successful.
A. contract B. contact C. contrast D. contrary
46. Advice should be provided free to C needs it.
A. whom B. who C. whoever D. no matter who
47. Silver is the best conductor of electricity, copper B it closely.
A. followed B. following C. to follow D. being followed
48. I like listening to the radio much better than B television.
A. to watch B. watching C. watched D. watch
49. If he D on tourists for his business, he would have closed his shop.
A. depends B. depend C. will depend D. had depended
50. Between 1997 and 2000, the number of overseas visitors expanded D 32%.
A. for B. to C. in D. by
51. B with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
A. Compare B. When compared C. Comparing D. On comparing
52. She was so tired that she didn’t want to speak, B sing.
A. much more B. much less C. less than D. more than
53. C there was so little money available for the project, they’ve done a good work.
A. If B. But for C. Given that D. On account of
54. A chessboard is placed between two players C each has a white squarer on the right side.
A. as a result B. therefore C. so that D. and that
55. My younger sister likes to collect maps that are local, regional and B .
A. nation B. national C. nationality D. nationally
56. Jim would rather we C now, but we must go to work.
A. not leave B. had not left C. didn’t leave D. not to be leave
57. To be or not to be, B is the question.
A. what B. that C. which D. it
58. A I saw him yesterday.
A. It happened that B. I happened that C. It happened to D. It happened to me to
59. C In an atmosphere of simply living was what his parents wished for.
A. The boy to be educated
B. The boy educated
C. The boy’s being educated
D. The boy was educated
60. She never laughed, B lose her temper.
A. or she ever did
B. nor did she ever
C. or did she ever
D. nor she ever did
Part Three: Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Just after World War Ⅱ, people were very willing to give money to help those who had suffered from it. 61B not every one who 62C the money was honest. Newspapers were full of people who had been 63A by men, who went from house to house 64C that they were collecting for 65A wounded soldiers, or for those who had 66C their homes, or for some other noble 67C . Yet all the time they 68B the money into their own pockets 69D using it for what they 70A to be doing it for.
One day Mr. Smith told his wife that a group of people had 71B thousands of dollars for the widow of the Unknown Soldier. Someone had 72B to the papers about it, and they had 73A people that it might be a fraud. Mr. Smith said that he and his friends at the office had a good 74C when they read about it in the newspaper.
“Can you imagine anyone so 75A as to believe that 76C and 77C money for the widow of the Unknown Soldier?” he asked his wife.
Mrs. Smith looked 78B . “What a fool I have been?” she thought to herself. Then her face 79B , “Oh, yes! I see now!” She answered. “Of course, it is the 80D that pays the widow of Unknown Soldiers!”
61. A. And B. But C. Then D. So
62. A. given B. received C. collected D. made
63. A. cheated B. stolen C. robbed D. mugged
64. A. asking B. speaking C. saying D. telling
65. A. badly B. slightly C. deadly D. fatally
66. A. missed B. left C. lost D. sold
67. A. goal B. course C. cause D. idea
68. A. put B. were putting C. have put D. had been putting
69. A. except B. except for C. instead D. instead of
70. A. claimed B. clamored C. disguised D. pretended
71. A. made B. donated C. dent D. collected
72. A. reported B. written C. called D. went
73. A. warned B. told C. threatened D. asked
74. A. time B. cry C. laugh D. surprise
75. A. stupid B. crazy C. clever D. happy
76. A. news B. information C. story D. fraud
77. A. bring B. send C. give D. distribute
78. A. uneasy B. puzzled C. pleased D. sad
79. A. shined B. brightened C. smiled D. shaken
80. A. public B. people C. committee D. government
Part Four: Translation (15%)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and translate it into Chinese.
The Olympic Games will be held in our country in four year’s time. As a great many people will be visiting the country, the government will be building new hotels, a big stadium, and a new Olympic-standard swimming pool. They will also be building new roads and a special railway line. The Games will be held just outside the capital and the whole area will be called “Olympic City”. Workers will have completed the new roads by the end of this year. By the end of next year, they will have finished work on the new stadium. The large modern buildings have been designed by Kurt Gunter. Everybody will be watching anxiously as the new buildings go up. We are all very excited and are looking forward to the Olympic Games because they have never been held before in this country.
Part Five: Writing (15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25 minutes to write a passage of about 100 words entitled “On Friendship”, based on the following information:
As a human being, one can hardly do without a friend. Friends can give you a lot. First, if you have trouble with some problems, you can consult your good friends and exchange opinions. Thus, you will feel comfortable and encouraged. Secondly, if you wish to do some physical exercises, such as playing table tennis, you could play with friends and have a good time.
But what is true friendship? Some people think friends are people whom they can play with. In my opinion, a friend in need is a friend indeed. True friendship can encourage you when you are in difficulties. A true friend not only shares with you your joy and happiness but also your trouble and anxiety. When you need him, he will give you a hand and spare no efforts.
As far as I’m concerned, I wish to make as many friends as possible. The world is a big family, and we will feel relaxed in a friendly atmosphere.