来源 :中华考试网 2020-06-17中
Part One: Reading Comprehension (40%)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
“Time is a problem for kids,” states a news report for a new Swiss watch. Children in some countries “learn time slowly” because “they don’t wear watches” and “parents don’t know how to teach them time”. The kids grow up with their handicap and become adults --- and then can’t get to work on time. Is there an answer to this problem? Of course --- it’s Flik Flak, made by a famous Swiss watch company.
The Flik is being marketed as something teaching watch for children aged 4 to 10. The watch itself does not teach kids how to tell time, of course it merely “captures their imagination” by presenting the “hour” hand as a beautiful red girl named Flak and the “minute” as a tall blue boy named Flak. Flik points to corresponding “blue” minutes on the dial, while Flak points to red hour numbers. The characters and the colors combined with parental care, are supposed to teach young children how to tell time.
The watch comes equipped with a standard battery and a nylon hand. Peter Lipkin, the United States sales manager for the Flak, calls it “Kid-proof: if it gets dirty you can throw the whole watch in the watch in the washing machine”. The product is being sold in select department stores in Europe, Asia and the United States for a suggested price of $25. Parents who buy the watch may discover that it is one thing for kids to tell time; it’s a quite another for them to be on time.
1. From the news report we know that B .
A. Parents are patient when teaching children time
B. Parents have little idea of how to teach children time
C. Children tend to learn time quickly
D. Children enjoy wearing the Flik Flak watch
2. The author doesn’t seem to believe A .
A. Children will be on time if they have learned how to tell time
B. A Flik Flak can help parents teach their children how to tell time
C. The Flik Flak can capture children’s imagination
D. Children usually have trouble telling time if they don’t wear watches
3. The word “handicap” (line 3, Para 1) means D .
A. Displeasure B. discouragement C. disappointment D. disadvantage
4. Flik Flak in the passage stands for B .
A. A tall boy and a beautiful girl
B. The minute hand and the hour hand
C. The Swiss watch company
D. The designers of watch
5. The United States sales manager calls the new watch “kid-proof” because C .
A. It is designed to teach children to be on time
B. It proves to be effective in teaching children time
C. It is made so as not to be easily damaged by children
D. It is the children’s favorite watch
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
In many countries in the process of industrialization, overcrowded cities present a major problem. Poor conditions in these cities, such as lack of housing, inadequate sanitation (卫生) and lack of employment, bring about an increase in poverty, disease and crime.
The over-population of towns is mainly caused by the drift of large number of people from the rural areas. These people have become dissatisfied with the traditional life of farming, and have come to the towns hoping for better work and play.
One possible solution to the problem would be to impose registration on town residents. Only officially registered residents would be allowed to live in the towns and the urban population would thus be limited. In practice, however, registration would be difficult to enforce (推行); it would cause a great deal of resentment (不满), which would ultimately lead to violence.
The only long-term solution is to make life in the rural areas more attractive, which would encourage people to stay there. This could be achieved by providing encouragement for people to move and work in the villages. Facilities in the rural areas, such as transport, health and education services should be improved. Education should include training in improved methods of farming and other rural industries, so as to develop a more positive attitude towards rural life. The improvement of life in the villages is very important, because the towns themselves cannot be developed without the simultaneous (同步的) or previous development of the rural area.
6. Large numbers of farmers have poured into towns because B .
A. They can hardly support their families on farms
B. They are unhappy with their life in the country
C. The rural areas are too crowded with people
D. They hope to have their own business
7. In the author’s view, solving the cities’ problem of overcrowding by strict registration is C .
A. Practical B. possible C. not realistic D. not efficient
8. What does the word “urban” (Line 3, Para. 3) mean A .
A. Of the city B. Out of work C. In a bad condition D. Of enormous size
9. According to the writer, the problem with crowded cities will be solved if B .
A. Traditional methods of farming are well kept
B. Conditions in rural areas are much improved
C. The government can provide more jobs
D. Violence could be controlled in cities
10. Which factor is most important for people to be attracted to live in the country? C
A. Their expectation. B. Their interests. C. Their income. D. Their attitude.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
Teachers often complain that students don’t do their homework properly and that they are constantly arriving at school red-eyed and yawning (打哈欠) due to lack of sleep.
It appears that there are two main explanations for this phenomenon. Firstly, many young children stay up late to watch television. Programs suitable for them may finish as late as eight o’clock. No child wants to be an exception in an age of conformity (一致) and admit not having seen what everybody else has. Secondly, a growing number of older children, particularly those approaching school-leaving age, are taking up part-time jobs mainly involving evening or weekend work. They feel that working experience, not academic qualifications, will help them find jobs on leaving school. One can sympathize with both groups of children but it doesn’t make a teacher’s life any easier.
11. According to the passage, teachers complain about D .
A. Lack of help from their students
B. B. their heavy work load
C. C. lack of understanding and support from students’ parents
D. D. students’ poor homework and weak motivation in study
12. Young children stay up late to watch television because C .
A. Parents nowadays don’t pay enough attention to their children
B. There isn’t much homework for them to do
C. The programs suitable for them finish late
D. Good programs start late
13. How do part-time jobs interfere (干扰) with study? B
A. School hours and work hours often clash.
B. Students usually feel very tired after their part-time jobs.
C. Part-time jobs take up little of study time.
D. Part-time jobs have nothing to do with the students’ school work.
14. The author thinks the two groups of school children A .
A. Are understandable
B. Should be punished
C. Should be praised
D. Should be told how difficult their teacher’s life is
15. What is the passage mainly about? D
A. Interference of TV programs.
B. Importance of working experience.
C. The hard life of the teachers.
D. Causes of students’ neglect of school work.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving speeches.
In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates (候选人) for the doctor’s degree.
Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same questions, was probably not known until the 19th century. perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, is like a group of workers at an automobile factory. Certainly, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.
One type of test is sometimes called an “objective” test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of answers, each of which has only one correct answer. Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like answers to students who have not learned the material properly.
16. Advanced students in the Middle Ages D .
A. Specialized in one subject
B. Were asked to say poetry aloud in the test
C. Were watched over during the tests
D. Usually had their exams in oral form
17. Para. 3 mainly tells us C .
A. The increased population has a positive effect on the way of testing
B. There are only written exams today
C. Modern exams are written and timed
D. Modern workers have to take exams
18. In a (an) B exam, students must select answers.
A. Subjective B. objective C. spoken D. oral
19. Modern industry must have developed A .
A. Around the 19th century B. first in Greece or Rome C. before the Middle Ages D. machines to take tests
20. We can safely infer that A .
A. Testing has changed since the Middle Ages
B. Exams should test only opinions
C. Exams should always be written
D. Oral exams are no longer existing
Part two: Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
21. Virtually all the empty apartments in downtown areas have been rent at A high prices.
A. Extremely B. extensively C. specially D. constantly
22. I looked for a table to sit down at, but they were all A .
A. Reserved B. engaged C. used up D. taken up
23. It took us several weeks to work out the plan, but it B a failure.
A. Turned in B. turned out C. turned down D. turned away
24. Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers, C overall consumption is significantly higher than that of women.
A. Which B. what C. whose D. that
25. There are lot of good auto-focus cameras D at the moment --- most of these are made in Japan.
A. Attainable B. approachable C. applicable D. available
26. This dictionary costs D as the other one.
A. As twice B. as many twice C. as much twice D. twice as much
27. When Edison died, it was proposed that the American people B all power in their homes, streets, and factories for several minutes in honor of this great man.
A. Would turn off B. turn off C. turned off D. must turn off
28. Many people complain of the rapid C of modern life.
A. Rate B. speed C. pace D. growth
29. The speaker, D for her splendid speech, was warmly received by the audience.
A. Having known B. being known C. knowing D. known
30. I suppose that when I come back in ten years’ time all these old houses A down.
A. Will have been pulled B. will have pulled C. will be pulling D. will be pulled
31. We’ll visit Europe next year D we have enough money.
A. Lest B. until C. unless D. provided
32. I used to smoke B but I gave it up three years ago.
A. Seriously B. heavily C. badly D. severely
33. Nuclear science will be developed to benefit the people C harm them.
A. More than B. other than C. rather than D. better than
34. They usually have less money at the end of the month than C at the beginning.
A. Which is B. which was C. they have D. it is
35. Many difficulties have B as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.
A. Risen B. arisen C. raised D. arrived
36. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are A .
A. Out of stock B. out of work C. out of reach D. out of practice
37. The residents, D had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.
A. All their homes B. all of their homes C. all whose homes D. all of whose homes
38. To be frank, I’d rather you D in the case.
A. Will not be involved B. not involved C. not to be involved D. were not involved
39. C right now, she would get there on Sunday.
A. Would she leave B. If she leaves C. Were she to leave D. If she had left
40. We are quite sure that we can B our present difficulties and finish the task according to the schedule.
A. Get across B. get over C. get away D. get off
41. D his great wealth, he always remained a man of simple taste.
A. Except for B. With regard to C. Although D. Despite
42. The situation today is quite different from A it was only 50 years ago.
A. What B. which C. as D. when
43. Franklin’s ability to learn from observation and experience C greatly to his success in public life.
A. Related B. attached C. contributed D. owed
44. Actually, information technology can B the gap between the poor and the rich.
A. Link B. bridge C. break D. deepen
45. Over a third of third of the population were estimated to have no D to the health service.
A. Assess B. assessment C. assignment D. access
46. The hotel D $60 for a single room with bath.
A. Claims B. demands C. prices D. charges
47. People aren’t enjoying better lives when they have jobs because the B of living is rising.
A. Fee B. cost C. payment D. fare
48. For more than 20 years, we’ve been supporting educational programs that C from kindergartens to colleges.
A. Move B. shift C. range D. spread
49. Finding a job in such a big company has always been A his wildest dream.
A. Beyond B. under C. over D. above
50. The manager lost his B just because his secretary was ten minutes late.
A. Mind B. temper C. passion D. mood
51. What he told us about the affair simply doesn’t make any A .
A. Sense B. idea C. meaning D. significance
52. One of his faults is that he never C to anything very long.
A. Sees B. refers C. sticks D. turns
53. The manager needs an assistant that he can A to take care of the problems in his absence.
A. Count on B. count in C. count up D. count down
54. With the increasing unemployment rate, workers who are 50 to 60 years old are usually the first to be D .
A. Laid aside B. laid out C. laid down D. laid off
55. Numerous studies already link the first meal of the day to better classroom A .
A. Performance B. behavior C. function D. display
56. The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been D only to the very rich.
A. Manageable B. measurable C. acceptable D. affordable
57. Beethoven is my favorite musician. I regard him as C other musicians.
A. Superior than B. more superior than C. superior to D. more superior to
58. You would be D a risk to let your child go to school by himself.
A. Omitting B. attaching C. affording D. running
59. You can hire a bicycle in many places. Usually you will have to pay a A .
A. Deposit B. deal C. fare D. fund
60. It is suggested that parents limit the amount of virtual violence on video games and movies that their children are B to.
A. Expanded B. exposed C. related D. shown
Part Three: Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
One might predict that the easiest and fastest adjustment would be made by the flexible person who had chosen to come to the new country and who had a job. In addition, 61C would be easier for someone whose culture and language are 62A to those of the new country. 63D a person who has a lot of support 64A friends and family would probably adjust more quickly. Undoubtedly, in many 65C , these would be good predictors of a relatively smooth adjustment. However, sometimes there are surprises in people’s cultural 66B to new country.
Some newcomers 67B a society do well in their first year of cultural adjustment. 68C , they may have a more difficult time later. Perhaps they expected the second year to be 69C easy and successful as the first year, but are not prepared to deal with obstacles 70D arise during the second year. 71A who had problems from the beginning may 72D find the second year easier 73B they are used to solving problems. They expect difficulties and aren’t surprised by them.
There is yet another unpredictable factor in cultural adjustment. Sometimes people come to a second 74A speaking the new language very well, but still do not have an easy adjustment. The newcomers think 75C because they have a good 76C of the language, they will not have much difficulty. 77D , if people think that the new country is very similar to their country of origin 78B , in fact, it is not, they may actually adapt more slowly. This is because the newcomers only imagine the similarity between the two cultures. Therefore they may. 79B that differences exist. Cultural differences do not 80A , of course, just because a person denies that they exist.
61. A. prediction B. adaptability C. adjustment D. expectation
62. A. similar B. superior C. new D. inferior
63. A. Particularly B. Sometime C. Personally D. Finally
64. A. from B. of C. in D. on
65. A. occasions B. places C. cases D. parts
66. A. adoption B. adaptation C. application D. objection
67. A. in B. to C. of D. from
68. A. Moreover B. So C. However D. Actually
69. A. so B. more C. as D. very
70. A. when B. what C. of which D. that
71. A. Those B. That C. Any D. Some
72. A. really B. typically C. always D. actually
73. A. when B. because C. what D. due
74. A. culture B. location C. school D. country
75. A. what B. this C. that D. which
76. A. seize B. snatch C. grasp D. thinking
77. A. However B. In fact C. In general D. In addiction
78. A. which B. when C. where D. that
79. A. refuse B. deny C. ignore D. neglect
80. A. go away B. get away C. go off D. get off
Part Four: Translation (15%)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and translate it into Chinese.
Friends play an important part in our lives, and although we may take the fact of friendship for granted, we often don’t clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of people, we are usually friends with only a very few. Moreover, a great many relationships come under the general term “friendship”. In all cases, two people like one another and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of closeness between them and the reasons for their interest in each other vary greatly.
In contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the relationship between two people. But the mutual support and understanding that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a close and lasting relationship, which can overcome difference in background, and break down barriers of age, class or race.
Part Five: Writing (15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25 minutes to write a passage of about 100 words entitled “How We Spend the Spring Festival” based on the following information:
How We Spent the Happy Spring Festival
The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. After one year’s hard work we will have a long holiday and get relaxed. It is a time of family gathering. We all like it.
We have our special ways to celebrate it. Last year we had a big dinner on the night of New Year’s Eve. We were so happy that my brother came back from Canada. We left some food to the New Year Day as a custom. That means “We have a good harvest enough for next year.” Then we set off to Sanya, a seaside city in the tropical area. There we enjoyed wonderful sunshine, beautiful scenery and delicious seafood. Just imagine a Spring Festival without snow!
Traveling is an interesting way to celebrate the Spring Festival. We are now planning another trip for this year’s Spring Festival.