来源 :中华考试网 2019-09-19中
The process of democratization has made muchheadway in China, the world's most populouscountry with 900 million farmers. In some one millionrural villages, residents have elected their favoriteleaders to make up the villagers' committee. This election breeze, which originated a decadeago and has thus swept across the country's vast rural areas, has helped foster and enhancethe consciousness of democracy of the vast number of Chinese farmers.
The practice of village committee elections shows that the majority of committee cadres directlyelected by the farmers in accordance with the law are upright and capable, have a good ofadministration, and know economics and management. They are leaders who can help theirfellow villagers get on the road leading to a comfortable life, reach a moderate level ofprosperity and build new socialist village which are prosperous, democratic and cultured.Studies of the latest round of election indicate that the newly elected members of villagers’committees are better educated and younger in age: about 70% have received junior middleschool education while a few have received a junior college of university education. Youngpeople around the age of 30 make up 60% of the membership of the newly elected villagers’committees. The overall quality of the contingent of rural grassroots cadres has improvedsignificantly.
A sense of democracy has indeed grown from the most elementary village-level election, andfrom the election of the people familiar to the farmer voters. In the course of election, thefarmers have received actual democratic training from the process of registrating as voters,nominating candidates, pre-electing and casting votes. This process has also fostered theirsense of democracy and law.
The Chinese government holds that it is the mostextensive practice of socialist democracy toexpand grassroots democracy, ensure the peopletheir right in direct democratic election, and allowthe citizens to manage their own affairs inaccordance with the law and build a happy life. The government requires all urban and ruralgrass-roots organs of political power and grass-roots public self-governing organizations toperfect the democratic electoral system, separate administrative management from financialmanagement, and let the general public participate in the discussion of and make decisionsabout grass-roots public and welfare concerns, as well as exercise democratic supervisionover cadres.
The improvement on the process and procedure in the election of villagers' committee willnot only reflect the common aspiration of China's hundreds of millions of farmers, but alsomeet China's need to facilitate her national drive for political restructuring and democratization.In the process of the country's sustained economic development and overall social progress,China's construction of democracy will be more extensive and meanwhile, its democratizationprocess will speed up.